A Look into Algorithmic Trading Strategies – What You Need to Know

Algorithmic trading also referred to as automated or black-box trading, is an emerging trend that has seen a massive surge in recent years. A study shows that it now accounts for up to 80% of all forex trading.

As the name implies, algorithmic trading involves the execution of orders using a defined set of instructions or algorithms on a computer program. The aim is to maximize speed and data processing beyond human capabilities, replacing the slower traditional human trading.

Opportunities at faster profitability drive the choice of strategies employed. This article shall comprehensively review the various strategies employed.

Algorithmic trading strategies

Trend-following Strategies

They are the most common and most straightforward of all strategies to implement, simply because it lacks the need to predict or forecast prices. They involve the following trends to estimate channel breakouts, movements in price levels, averages, and other technical indicators as applied. 

Trades are kick-started by the occurrence of a favorable or desired trend. Such a trend involves buying an asset as its price trend goes up and selling it as the trend goes down. Complex predictive analysis is, therefore, not required.

Trading before Index Fund Rebalancing

The nature of index funds requires a periodic rebalancing or adjustment of their portfolio within a set period. Rebalancing helps match the holdings or new prices of such funds with their benchmark indices. Thus, a profitable opportunity is created for active investors, many of whom are algorithmic traders, capitalizing on the index rebalancing effect. 

The stake may be up to 80 basis points profits depending on the stock number. Algorithmic trading systems initiate the trade by timely executing it at the best prices.


In a forex trade, there exist stocks that are dual-listed in various markets at different prices. Taking advantage of the price difference by buying such stock at a lower price from one market and selling it to the other market at a higher price is referred to as arbitrage. It allows for a risk-free profit with no negative outflows.

The term can also refer to current stocks vs. futures since prices vary from time to time. Algorithms play a crucial role in identifying the price differences and making the orders in time.

Delta-neutral Strategy

It is a type of mathematical model-based strategy. Such strategies use proven mathematical models to allow trading on a set of options and related security.

The delta-neutral strategies create a reference position unlikely to be affected by small changes in the stock prices. The overall “delta” value is made as close to zero as possible to ensure this.

Mean Reversion

Also referred to as range trading, it relies on the idea that both a stock’s highs and lows have a temporary aspect and should periodically move back to their mean prices (average price). A market price lower than the mean price means stocks are attractive to buy as they are speculated to rise. A market price above the mean is also expected to fall.

An algorithm automatically trades assets when a deviation from the defined average price is observed.

Percentage of Volume (POV)

An algorithm is set following a defined ratio of the traded market volume to continue trading until the trade order is met. There’s an automatic adjustment of participation rate, limiting it to a specified percentage of stocks in the total traded volume.

Implementation Shortfall

In trade, implementation shortfall refers to the difference between the trader’s decision price and the average trade prices, including taxes and commissions. The reference price quoted by the trader is used as a benchmark. 

The strategy aims to benefit from opportunity cost delays by trading off the real-time market and saving on the order’s cost. The algorithmic speed of executing the order capitalizes on this, increasing as stock prices become desirable and slowing when prices become untenable.

Volume-weighted Average Price (VWAP)

The strategy is effective with short-term time frames, usually a day. The VWAP strategy starts by first breaking up a large order. Using stock-specific profiles of historical volumes, reduced chunks of the order are then traded in the market. The action aims to keep the price within the average.

Time-weighted Average Price (TWAP)

The time-weighted average price starts with breaking down a larger order. These smaller chunks of the order are then traded as per evenly distributed time slots from the start to the end time. The aim is to keep the price close to the average.

High-tech Front-running

This strategy is also referred to as beyond the usual strategy. Some algorithms will try and spot out ongoings from the opposite side of the trade. For instance, a market maker algorithm from the sellers’ side has the ability to recognize an algorithm from the buyers’ side with a large order. Such knowledge enables the market maker to spot the massive order opportunity and fill these orders at a higher price.

Requirements for Algorithmic Trading

The trading strategy is only complete when the algorithm is implemented using a computer program. The requirements are:

  • Computer programming knowledge to craft the strategy.
  • Access to stock trading platforms and a stable network connectivity
  • Access to data feeds from the markets that will be analyzed by the algorithm.
  • Infrastructure and ability to carry a backtest of the system before real-life market usage
  • Access to historical data for backtesting as per the rules on complexity implemented by the algorithm


Algorithmic trading allows for correctly timed trades, with a reduced risk of manual errors when placed. An article by Nasdaq states that algorithm trading’s main advantage is eliminating human emotions, which causes irrational decisions during trading. The other advantages include the ability to backtest and reduced costs. 

Bitcoin live price
price change

The loss of human control and the need for constant monitoring of power loss and connectivity are otherwise key drawbacks to algorithmic trading. The need to know the programming language necessitates traders to learn the skill of developing the algorithms.

Stay up to date with our latest articles

More posts

How Can You Determine the Rarity of an NFT?

The rarity of a non-fungible token (NFT) is one of the most often debated topics on the internet. The rarity of an NFT is one of the most critical elements in determining its value. Understanding how rarity works is a significant advantage for anyone investing in the NFT market. How can traders learn to measure this feature for any digital asset? Our guide today will share more insight on this critical aspect. Is It Possible to Measure Rarity? There has…

What is Tornado Cash, and How Does It Work?

Decentralized and non-custodial, Tornado Cash is an Ethereum-based solution for privacy and anonymity. Severing the on-chain link between those who send and receive coins enhances transaction anonymity.  This guide will provide our readers with more insight into Tornado Cash. We will start with a general introduction and move deeper into how Tornado Cash works. We will also add a list of pros and cons to this system for the reader's benefit. Understanding Tornado Cash Decentralized protocols such as Tornado Cash…

How Can Crypto Trading Bots Help You Manage Your Investments?

Bots are computer programs designed to carry out specific activities automatically. They operate with the least amount of human input possible.  Crypto trading bots are automated programs that trade a single coin or a portfolio of cryptocurrencies. They trade on one or more exchanges on behalf of the owner or user.  Cryptocurrency bots can automate trading tactics to increase portfolio profits. Today, we'll take a closer look at this ever-expanding technology.  A Simple Way to See Crypto Trading Bots Artificial…

Can You Really Protect Your Crypto Investments Against Whales?

It is only natural that the price of BTC changes following whales' transactions. Because altcoins have smaller market capitalizations, this effect is even more pronounced on their prices. The ways whales manage to manipulate the market are inventive and can lead to heavy losses for small traders. In our guide, we look into the matter and reflect on how to protect a wallet against whales. Understanding the Concept of Whales The term "crypto whale" refers to a person or organization…

What Are Fractionalized NFTs?

Most people who use the internet regularly, whether for business or pleasure, are familiar with NFTs. Everyone in the crypto/blockchain community looks at these "Non-Fungible Tokens” with interest.  The only problem is that NFTs are becoming extremely popular and too costly to own.  In this context, Fractional NFTs, or F-NFTs, have entered the market to attract new investors. Imagine dividing a single NFT into smaller parts and making it available for purchase. This concept is the principle governing the growing…

Diluted Market Cap – A Beginners’ Guide

The value of a cryptocurrency is difficult to predict, especially if we are dealing with a new token. If you're looking to invest in cryptocurrency, measures like the fully diluted market cap can guide your choices.  The term "fully diluted market cap” will represent the core of today’s guide. We'll begin by defining the sector's market capitalization before moving on to more advanced notions. Market Cap in the Crypto Industry The total worth of an asset now in circulation corresponds…

Top Crypto Marketing Agencies to Promote Your Cryptocurrency Project in 2022

Nowadays, launching a crypto project can be a daunting task for most developers, especially considering the competition. This report claims that the industry amasses over 18,000 cryptocurrencies as of March 2022. Whether you focus on NFTs, DeFi, or any other crypto-related activity, you will have to face stiff competition. Fortunately, you can gain a competitive advantage over your peers with the help of crypto marketing agencies. These services cover all the promotional aspects your project needs to get into the…

The Difference Between Capped and Uncapped ICOs

Some ICOs decide to set a cap on how many coins investors can buy. However, some people choose to offer unlimited coins at the sale. Different teams can follow different strategies to obtain success in this growing market. Today, our guide aims to make a clear distinction between capped and uncapped ICOs. Understanding the Concept of ICOs An ICO (“Initial Coin Offering”) is a way to launch a new cryptocurrency. ICOs are a way to raise money for a project…

Is It Possible to Spot a Fake NFT?

Blockchain technology should have made life simpler for digital artists selling unique tokens of ownership to other people. A public ledger can give buyers a record of who owns a piece of art in perpetuity. Blockchain gave some artists a new chance to earn money. However, some artists admit that the last year's crypto boom has been a real mess.  Anyone can "mint" a digital asset as an NFT, even if they don't own it. How do you spot a…

Unstoppable Domains – A Beginner’s Guide

Unstoppable Domains are an intriguing and unique new option that is gaining traction in the crypto industry as more people become aware of them. Even though you may be inclined to dismiss them as simply another "crypto craze,” you may not want to be so hasty in your judgment. Whether you have your wallet or just learning about crypto, unstoppable domains have some unique advantages that you might consider utilizing for your website. This post will go over all you…