update 18 August 2021

The Digital Dollar: Why The Federal Reserve Should Issue Its CBDC

Several Central Banks are showing interest in exploring the likelihood of issuing their Central Bank Digital Currency (CBDC). China’s Central Bank seems close to launching its own known Digital Currency Electronic System.

Central banks are seriously looking into digital currencies; however, some of these banks’ officials resist digital assets. Regardless, there is increasing cryptocurrency adoption, which is fueling the possible issue of CBDCs by Central Banks.

The US Fed Exploring the Likelihood of Launching a CBDC

Recently, James Powell of the US Fed pointed out that the organization is looking into the potential merits of the general purpose of a CBDC before launching one. Nevertheless. James Powell claims that the US’s cash demand is still robust, but concise signals exist that the country will become a cashless society. For example, a report recently revealed that in Sweden, only 13% of the population used cash for a recent purchase in 2019.

In another report by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation in the US, cash represented 30% of all payments in 2017. Only 70% of adults said they use the money for everyday transactions. A study by MasterCard from earlier this decade revealed more than 80 % of the US consumer spending was cashless.

What to Expect after Adopting Digital Banking and Monetary System

In a digital banking and monetary system without a cash equivalent, people will lack access to a fast public money resort. Doing away with cash must come with ascertained access to a form of public money. Other instruments will get used as cash equivalents if the previous thought is officially unavailable. The cashless match will have a remarkable influence on the efficiency and effectiveness of pricing and commerce.

Suppose Central Banks fear that cryptos present an impermissible threat to their franchise on money creation. In that case, more significant challenges await them when some other Central Banks in other countries make up their mind to adopt and issue their CBDC. They might even go cashless and then make their payment systems global to penetrate the economy of other countries using their CBDC.

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Recently, a report published explained the effect of China’s pursuit of adopting digital banking and monetary system. The report also pointed out that Central Banks worldwide need to explore what cryptocurrencies can offer, to revolutionize payment systems, enable transformative influence on financial and monetary systems, and ultimately issue their digital currencies.